Tension free Vaginal Tape Surgery for female stress urinary incontinence

Stress incontinence in women is a condition defined by frequent and involuntary release of urine during simple, day to day activities such as laughing and coughing that invariably put considerable pressure on the bladder. The most common treatment to correct stress incontinence is called tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) surgery.

Tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) Procedure

The tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) procedure is a relatively simple technique that aims to provide a solid support for a sagging urethra so that the urethra remains closed during activities that normally put pressure on the bladder. Here, a mesh tape is inserted through small incisions in the abdomen and vaginal wall and placed right under the urethra to keep it in its normal position. Sutures are not required to hold the tape intact. This is a simple procedure that lasts for about 30 minutes and is carried out under local anesthesia. You maybe asked to leave the same day or in some cases, overnight hospitalization maybe required.

A thincatheter maybe placed in your bladder through your urethra to allow urine to drain during recovery.This surgery rarely causes pain and discomfort. Although most people resume theirdaily activities within a couple of weeks, the doctor will advise you to refrain from strenuous activities and sexual intercourse for about 6 weeks.

Advantages of Tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) surgery

Benefits of this surgery include:

  • Shorter surgery time
  • Minimal hospital stay
  • Less recovery time when compared to other surgeries likeretropubic suspension surgery


Common risks of TVT surgery include:

  • Injury to the bladder
  • Numbness in the groin and legs
  • Difficulty urinating post the surgery
  • Injury to the urethra
  • Groin pain