Ovarian cystectomy

An ovarian cyst is an accumulation of fluid within an ovary. Majority of ovarian cysts are benign. Ovarian cysts typically occur most frequently during a female's reproductive years. However, ovarian cysts may affect a woman of any age. In some cases, ovarian cysts cause pain and bleeding. If the cyst is over 5 centimeters in diameter it may need to be surgically removed.

Types of Ovarian Cysts

There are two kinds of ovarian cysts:

  • Functional ovarian cysts:It is the most common type and these harmless cysts are short lived and are common during a woman's menstrual cycle
  • Pathological cysts: These cysts grow in the ovaries and can be either benign or cancerous

Symptoms of ovarian cysts

The symptoms of an ovarian cyst include:

  • Hormonal abnormalities
  • Irregular menstruation
  • Bloating, swelling or heaviness in the abdomen
  • Persistent pain in the pelvis that may spread to the lower back and thighs
  • Pelvic pain during sexual intercourse
  • Pressure on the bowels
  • Pelvic pain just before and after menstruation
  • Breast tenderness and nausea
  • Pressure on the rectum

What are the treatment options for ovarian cysts?

Several factors should be considered before undertaking a particular treatment for ovarian cysts such as:

  • The age of the patient
  • The size and appearance of the cyst
  • If the patient is pre or postmenopausal
  • If symptoms are present or not

Ovarian Cystectomy

Ovarian cystectomy is a surgical procedure performed to remove benign cysts that are present in the ovary while leaving the functional ovary intact. This is crucial for women of reproductive age who intent to have children. While ovarian cystectomy involves the excision of the ovarian cyst from the ovary, oophorectomy is a procedure that involves the removal of the entire ovary along with the attached fallopian tube.


A laparoscopic cystectomy is a relatively simple procedure which takes about an hour. Here, the patient is given general anesthesia following which a thin tube called a laparoscope is inserted through several small incisions in the abdomen. Appropriate surgical tools and fiber-optic camera is then passed through the laparoscope to perform the operation. A laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy is a minimally invasive technique compared to other conventional procedures. The idea behind a cystectomy is to remove only the cyst while leaving the ovaries intact. However, in case of very large cysts, the doctor may recommend the removal of the whole ovary.

Advantage of laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy includes shorter hospital stay and recovery time, less bleeding and smaller incisions.


  • Infection
  • Excessive bleeding
  • Problems due to anesthesia