Polycystic ovary syndrome or PCOS is a very common hormonal disorder among women. It is a condition in which the body produces too much of the hormone androgen which causes problems in ovulation. It is also associated with insulin resistance and obesity.

Polycystic ovary syndrome is a health issue that can affect a woman's:

  • Menstrual cycle
  • Fertility
  • Hormones
  • Appearance
  • Heart
  • Blood vessels

What are the symptoms?

The main underlying problem with PCOS is hormonal imbalance.

The most common symptoms are:
  • Weight gain
  • Extra hair on the face and body.
  • Acne, oily skin, or dandruff
  • Thinning hair on the scalp.
  • Pelvic pain
  • Irregular periods.
  • Fertility problems
  • Sleep apnea
  • Depression.

In most cases, women with PCOS grow small cysts on their ovaries. Hence the name polycystic ovary syndrome. Even though he cysts are not harmful,it may lead to hormone imbalances.

What causes PCOS?

Since PCOS is caused by changes in hormone levels, there can be one or more causes for changes in hormone level to happen. It can be passed down from either your mother's or father's side.